Temperature uses IPTS-68, salinity uses PSS-78; see reference. |

Calculation based on Fofonoff, P. and R. C. Millard Jr (1983) Algorithms for computation of fundamental properties of seawater. Unesco Technical Papers in Marine Science 44, 53 pp.

Note: The conductivity ratio for this calculator is defined as R |

© 2000 M. Tomczak. Last updated 22 August 2000